The Branches of
Philosophy

 
Philosophy

Philosophy is "The Love of Wisdom"
(from the Greek words Philo meaning "Love" and Sophia meaning "Wisdom")

Love means "to pursue"
(or "to desire" or "to want" or "to like" or "to tend toward")

Wisdom means "the best kind of knowledge"
(or "highest kind of knowledge")

To Philosophize is "To Love Wisdom"
(or "to pursue the best kind of knowledge")

A Philosopher is "A Lover of Wisdom"
(or "one who pursues the best kind of knowledge")

What is Philosophical is anything relating to "Loving Wisdom"
(or "that which pertains to pursuing the best kind of knowledge")

The following are some of the major branches of philosophy:

Metaphysics
a.k.a. Ontology or Philosophy of Being

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that studies "Being"
(or "Existence")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Metaphysician
(a.k.a. Ontologist or Philosopher of Being)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Metaphysical
(a.k.a. Ontological)

Epistemology
a.k.a. Philosophy of Knowledge

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies "Knowledge"
(or "How We Know")

A philosopher specializing in this is called an Epistemologist
(a.k.a. Philosopher of Knowledge)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Epistemological

Ethics
a.k.a. Morality or Moral Philosophy

Ethics is the branch of philosophy that studies "Good and Evil Actions"
(or "Right and Wrong Actions")

A philosopher specializing in this is called an Ethicist
(a.k.a. Moralist or Moral Philosopher)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Ethical
(a.k.a. Moral)

Aesthetics
a.k.a. Esthetics or Philosophy of Beauty or Philosophy of Art

Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that studies "Beauty"
(especially about "Art")

A philosopher specializing in this is called an Aestheticist
(a.k.a. Estheticist or Philosopher of Beauty or Philosopher of Art)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Aesthetic
(a.k.a. Esthetic)

Teleology

Teleology is the branch of philosophy that studies "Finality"
(a.k.a. "End" or "Purpose" or "Goal")

A philosopher specializing in this is called an Teleologist

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Teleological

Axiology

Axiology is the branch of philosophy that studies "Value"

A philosopher specializing in this is called an Axiologist

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Axiological

Some fields of knowledge are considered to have both philosophical and non-philosophical sides to them (though where to draw the line is debatable). To be clear, one can put the word "Philosophical" in front of them when specifically talking about them as branches of philosophy:

Philosophical
Cosmology

Philosophical Cosmology is the branch of philosophy that studies the "Universe"
(more specifically, "Non-Living Material Things")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosophical Cosmologist

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Cosmological

Philosophical
Psychology

Philosophical Psychology is the branch of philosophy that studies "The Soul"
(a.k.a. "Living Material Things," though often more specifically, "The Mind")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosophical Psychologist

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Psychological

Philosophical
Anthropology
a.k.a. Philosophy of Human Nature

Philosophical Anthropology is the branch of philosophy that studies "Humans"

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosophical Anthropologist
(a.k.a. Philosopher of Human Nature)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Anthropological

Philosophical
Logic

Philosophical Logic is the branch of philosophy that studies "Reasoning"
(a.k.a. "Good and Bad Arguments")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosophical Logician

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Logical

Philosophical
Politics
a.k.a. Political Philosophy

Philosophical Politics is the branch of philosophy that studies "Government"
(a.k.a. "Governance," especially over "The State")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Political Philosopher

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Political

Philosophical
Jurisprudence
a.k.a. Legal Philosophy or Philosophy of Law

Philosophical Jurisprudence is the branch of philosophy that studies "Law"

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosophical Jurist

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Jurisprudent
(a.k.a. Jurisprudential)

Philosophical
Theology
a.k.a. Natural Theology or Philosophy of God

Philosophical Theology is the branch of philosophy that studies "God"

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Natural Theologian
(a.k.a. Philosophical Theologian or Philosopher of God)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Theological

The following branches of philosophy do not have special names:

Philosophy of Nature
a.k.a. Natural Philosophy

Philosophy of Nature is the branch of philosophy that studies "Nature"
(or "Both Living and Non-Living Material Things")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Natural Philosopher
(a.k.a. Philosopher of Nature)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Natural

Philosophy of Society
a.k.a. Social Philosophy

Philosophy of Society is the branch of philosophy that studies "Society"
(or "Social Relations")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Social Philosopher
(a.k.a. Philosopher of Society)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Social

Philosophy of History
a.k.a. Historical Philosophy

Philosophy of History is the branch of philosophy that studies "History"
(or "The Past")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosopher of History
(a.k.a. Historical Philosopher)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Historical

Philosophy of Education
a.k.a. Educational Philosophy

Philosophy of Education is the branch of philosophy that studies "Education"

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosopher of Education
(a.k.a. Educational Philosopher)

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Educational

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science is the branch of philosophy that studies "Science"

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosopher of Science

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Scientific

Philosophy of Mathematics

Philosophy of Mathematics is the branch of philosophy that studies "Mathematics"

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosopher of Mathematics

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Mathematical

Philosophy of Language

Philosophy of Language is the branch of philosophy that studies "Language"
(or "The Relationship between Language and Reality")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosopher of Language

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Linguistic

Philosophy of Religion

Philosophy of Religion is the branch of philosophy that studies "Religion"
(or "Religious Traditions")

A philosopher specializing in this is called a Philosopher of Religion

Anything philosophical regarding this is called Religious